A panel discussion with
R. Scott Appleby
Director of the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies; Professor of History, University of Notre Dame
Senior Fellow at the Center for International Security and Cooperation and the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies; Professor of Political Science, Stanford University
Director of the Orfalea Center for Global and International Studies; Professor of Sociology and Religious Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara
Member of the Hoover Institution Task Force on National Security and Law,Stanford University; Lecturer on Public Policy, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University
Thursday, June 7th at 6 p.m.
15th Floor, International Affairs Building
This event is free and open to the public. For more information and a full schedule of events, visit http://globalstrategy.columbia.edu.
R. SCOTT APPLEBY (Ph.D. University of Chicago, 1985) examines the roots of religious violence and the potential of religious peacebuilding. He teaches courses in American religious history and comparative religious movements. Appleby co-chaired the Chicago Council on Global Affairs’ Task Force on Religion and the Making of U.S. Foreign Policy, which released the influential report “Engaging Religious Communities Abroad: A New Imperative for U.S. Foreign Policy.” He also directs Contending Modernities, a major multi-year project to examine the interaction among Catholic, Muslim, and secular forces in the modern world. Appleby is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is the recipient of three honorary doctorates, from Fordham University, Scranton University and St. John’s University, Collegeville, Minnesota. From 1988 to 1993 Appleby was co-director of the Fundamentalism Project, an international public policy study conducted by the American Academy of arts and Sciences. From 1985 to 1987 he chaired the religious studies department of St. Xavier College, Chicago. Appleby is the author of The Ambivalence of the Sacred: Religion, Violence and Reconciliation (Rowman & Littlefield, 2000), and editor of Spokesmen for the Despised: Fundamentalist Leaders of the Middle East (University of Chicago Press, 1997). With Martin E. Marty, he co-edited the five-volume Fundamentalism Project (University of Chicago Press). Appleby is also the author of Church and Age Unite! The Modernist Impulse in American Catholicism (Notre Dame 1992), co-editor of Being Right: Conservative Catholics in America (Indiana 1995) and co-author of Transforming Parish Ministry: The Changing Roles of Clergy, Laity, and Women Religious (Crossroad, 1989). He has been a fellow of the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies since 1996, and Director since 2000.
MARTHA CRENSHAW is a Senior Fellow at the Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC) and the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI) at Stanford University, and a professor of political science by courtesy. She was the Colin and Nancy Campbell Professor of Global Issues and Democratic Thought and professor of government at Wesleyan University in Middletown, Conn., where she taught from 1974 to 2007. She has written extensively on the issue of political terrorism; her first article, “The Concept of Revolutionary Terrorism,” was published in the Journal of Conflict Resolution in 1972. Her recent work includes “Trajectories of Terrorism: Attack Patterns of Foreign Groups That Have Targeted the United States, 1970–2004,” in Criminology & Public Policy, 8, 3 (August 2009) (with Gary LaFree and Sue-Ming Yang), “The Obama Administration and Counterterrorism,” in Obama in Office: the First Two Years, ed. James Thurber (Paradigm Publishers, 2011), and “Will Threats Deter Nuclear Terrorism?” in Deterring Terrorism: Theory and Practice, ed. Andreas Wenger and Alex Wilner (Stanford University Press, forthcoming). She is also the editor of The Consequences of Counterterrorism(Russell Sage Foundation, 2010). In 2011 Routledge published Explaining Terrorism, a collection of her previously published work. She served on the Executive Board of Women in International Security and is a former President and Councilor of the International Society of Political Psychology (ISPP). She coordinated the working group on political explanations of terrorism for the 2005 Club de Madrid International Summit on Democracy, Terrorism and Security. In 2005-2006 she was a Guggenheim Fellow. Since 2005, she has been a lead investigator with the National Center for the Study of Terrorism and the Response to Terrorism (START) at the University of Maryland, funded by the Department of Homeland Security. In 2009 she was awarded a grant from the National Science Foundation/Department of Defense Minerva Initiative for a project on “mapping terrorist organizations.” She serves on the editorial boards of the journals International Security, Political Psychology, Security Studies, Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict, and Terrorism and Political Violence. She is currently a member of the Committee on Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Global Nuclear Detection Architecture of the National Academies of Science.
MARK JUERGENSMEYER is director of the Orfalea Center for Global and International Studies, professor of sociology, and affiliate professor of religious studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is an expert on religious violence, conflict resolution and South Asian religion and politics, and has published more than two hundred articles and twenty books, including the recently-released Global Rebellion: Religious Challenges to the Secular State (University of California Press 2008). His widely-read Terror in the Mind of God: The Global Rise of Religious Violence (University of California Press, revised edition 2003), is based on interviews with religious activists around the world–including individuals convicted of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, leaders of Hamas, and abortion clinic bombers in the United States–and was listed by the Washington Post and the Los Angeles Times as one of the best nonfiction books of the year. A previous book, The New Cold War? Religious Nationalism Confronts the Secular State (University of California Press, 1993) covers the rise of religious activism and its confrontation with secular modernity. It was named by the New York Times as one of the notable books of the year. His book on Gandhian conflict resolution has been reprinted as Gandhi’s Way (University of California Press, Updated Edition, 2005), and was selected as Community Book of the Year at the University of California, Davis. He has edited the Oxford Handbook of Global Religion (Oxford University Press, 2006) and Religion in Global Civil Society (Oxford University Press, 2005), and is co-editing The Encyclopedia of Global Religions (Sage Publications, 2008) and The Encyclopedia of Global Studies (Sage Publications, 2009). His 2006 Stafford Little Lectures at Princeton University, God and War, will be published by Princeton University Press. Juergensmeyer has received research fellowships from the Wilson Center in Washington D.C., the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation, the U.S. Institute of Peace, and the American Council of Learned Societies. He is the 2003 recipient of the prestigious Grawemeyer Award for contributions to the study of religion, and is the 2004 recipient of the Silver Award of the Queen Sofia Center for the Study of Violence in Spain. He received an Honorary Doctorate from Lehigh University in 2004, a Distinguished Teaching Award from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 2006, and the Unitas Distinguished Alumnus Award from Union Theological Seminary, New York, in 2007. He was elected president of the American Academy of Religion, and chairs the working group on Religion and International Affairs for the national Social Science Research Council. Since the events of September 11th, he has been a frequent commentator in the news media, including CNN, NBC, CBS, BBC, NPR, Fox News, ABC’s Politically Incorrect, and CNBC’s Dennis Miller Show.
JESSICA STERN is one of the foremost experts on terrorism. She serves on the Hoover Institution Task Force on National Security and Law. In 2009, she was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship for her work on trauma and violence. She has authored Terror in the Name of God: Why Religious Militants Kill, selected by the New York Times as a notable book of the year; The Ultimate Terrorists and numerous articles on terrorism and weapons of mass destruction. She served on President Clinton’s National Security Council Staff from 1994–95. Jessica is a member of the Trilateral Commission and the Council on Foreign Relations. She was named a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow, National Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Fellow of the World Economic Forum, and a Harvard MacArthur Fellow. In 2009, she was also a Fellow at the Yaddo Colony for the Arts and the MacDowell Colony. Jessica was an Erikson Scholar at the Erik Erikson Institute, as well. She has a B.S. from Barnard College in chemistry, an M.A. from MIT in chemical engineering/technology policy, and a Ph.D. from Harvard University in public policy. Jessica was included in Time magazine’s series profiling 100 people with bold ideas. The film “The Peacemaker”, with Nicole Kidman and George Clooney, was based on a fictional version of Jessica’s work at the National Security Council. Her new book, Denial: A Memoir of Terror, is now available, published by Ecco, a HarperCollins imprint.